Intramucosal Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been described in biopsy tissues and culture systems. However, the association of intramucosal H. pylori with histopathologic features has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between intramucosal H. pylori and inflammatory reactions in H. pylori infection. In 113 randomly selected human gastric biopsies and 20 murine stomachs, which were inoculated with SS1 every day for a week, immunohistochemical analysis for intramucosal H. pylori was done and correlated with histologic parameters. Electron microscopic examination was done on murine stomachs. H. pylori infection was present in 104 gastric biopsies and 17 murine stomachs. Intraepithelial immunopositivity for H. pylori was detected in 27 of 104 (26%) biopsies and in 11 of 17 (65%) murine stomachs. Lamina proprial immunopositivity for H. pylori was present in 51 of 104 (48%) biopsies. Neutrophil-associated immunopositivity for H. pylori was observed in 22 of 90 (24%) biopsies with H. pylori chronic active gastritis. Lamina proprial and neutrophil-associated immunopositivity for H. pylori correlated significantly with the density of H. pylori and the grade of acute inflammatory reaction in H. pylori gastritis. Intramucosal location of H. pylori itself or its antigen is closely associated with acute inflammatory reactions and may play an important role in establishing a persistent infection in chronic H. pylori gastritis. Furthermore, lamina proprial and/or neutrophil-associated H. pylori appears to be more important than intraepithelial H. pylori in acute inflammatory reactions of H. pylori gastritis.
- Gastric mucosa
- Helicobacter pylori
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine