OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of intracoronary (IC) basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, FGF-2). BACKGROUND: FGF-2 is a heparin-binding growth factor capable of inducing functionally significant angiogenesis in animal models of myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Phase I, open-label dose-escalation study of FGF-2 administered as a single 20-min infusion in patients with ischemic heart disease not amenable to treatment with CABG or PTCA. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients enrolled in this study received IC FGF-2 (0.33 to 48 μg/kg). Hypotension was dose-dependent and dose-limiting, with 36 μg/kg being the maximally tolerated dose. Four patients died and four patients had non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions. Laboratory parameters and retinal examinations showed mild and mainly transient changes during the 6-month follow-up. There was an improvement in quality of life as assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire and improvement in exercise tolerance as assessed by treadmill exercise testing (510 ± 24 s at baseline, 561 ± 26 s at day 29 [p = 0.023], 609 ± 26 s at day 57 (p < 0.001), and 633 ± 24 s at day 180 (p < 0.001), overall p < 0.001). Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed increased regional wall thickening (baseline: 34 ± 1.7%, day 29: 38.7 ± 1.9% [p = 0.006], day 57: 41.4 ± 1.9% [p < 0.001], and day 180: 42.0 ± 2.3% [p < 0.001], overall p = 0.001) and a reduction in the extent of the ischemic area at all time points compared with baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Intracoronary administration of rFGF-2 appears safe and is well tolerated over a 100-fold dose range (0.33 to 0.36 μk/kg). Preliminary evidence of efficacy is tempered by the open-label uncontrolled design of the study. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine