Intermediate-term graft loss after renal transplantation is associated with both donor-specific antibody and acute rejection

Jennifer M. Devos, Ahmed Osama Gaber, Larry D. Teeter, Edward A. Graviss, Samir J. Patel, Geoffrey A. Land, Linda W. Moore, Richard J. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Renal transplant recipients with de novo DSA (dDSA) experience higher rates of rejection and worse graft survival than dDSA-free recipients. This study presents a single-center review of dDSA monitoring in a large, multi-ethnic cohort of renal transplant recipients. METHODS: The authors performed a nested case-control study of adult kidney and kidney-pancreas recipients from July 2007 through July 2011. Cases were defined as dDSA-positive whereas controls were all DSA-negative transplant recipients. DSA were determined at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months posttransplant, and every 6 months thereafter. RESULTS: Of 503 recipients in the analysis, 24% developed a dDSA, of whom 73% had dDSA against DQ antigen. Median time to dDSA was 6.1 months (range 0.2-44.6 months). After multivariate analysis, African American race, kidney-pancreas recipient, and increasing numbers of human leukocyte antigen mismatches were independent risk factors for dDSA. Recipients with dDSA were more likely to suffer an acute rejection (AR) (35% vs. 10%, P<0.001), an antibody-mediated AR (16% vs. 0.3%, P<0.001), an AR ascribed to noncompliance (8% vs. 2%, P=0.001), and a recurrent AR (6% vs. 1%, P=0.002) than dDSA-negative recipients. At a median follow-up of 31 months, the death-censored actuarial graft survival of dDSA recipients was worse than the DSA-free cohort (P=0.002). Yet, for AR-free recipients, there was no difference in graft survival between cohorts (P=0.66). CONCLUSIONS: Development of dDSA was associated with an increased incidence of graft loss, yet the detrimental effect of dDSA was limited in the intermediate term to recipients with AR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-540
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2014

Keywords

  • Acute rejection
  • Donor-specific antibody
  • Kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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