Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B-cell malignancy characterized by an accumulation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. It is unclear whether genetic background could have an etiological impact on MM or influence the course of the disease. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been implicated in the growth and differentiation of normal B cells, and has also been shown to enhance the proliferation of MM cells. To address the putative involvement of IL-10 genetic variation in MM, we analyzed previously defined loci for bi-allelic polymorphism at position -1082 and two microsatellite loci (IL10.G and IL10.R) in the IL-10 promoter region. Seventy-three patients with MM, 27 with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, and 109 ethnically matched individuals as controls were included in the study. Significantly increased frequencies of the IL10.G genotype 136/136 and the IL10.R genotype 112/114, in addition to a decreased frequency of the IL10.R genotype 114/116, were found among the MM patients. Increased production of IL-10 was detected in the supernatants of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells from MM patients who were homozygotes (136/136) and heterozygotes (136/non-136) for the IL10.G allele 136, as compared with the other IL10.G genotype carriers (non-136/non-136). These results suggest that the genetic variation in the IL-10 promoter region may play a role in the development of MM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - May 20 2001|
- Multiple myeloma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research