Interaction between microRNA-181a and TNFAIP1 regulates pancreatic cancer proliferation and migration

Peng Zhang, Zhiyong Guo, Ronglin Hu, Xiaoshun He, Xingyuan Jiao, Xiaofeng Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the role of microRNA 181a (miR-181a) and its downstream target tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 1 (TNFAIP1) in pancreatic cancer regulation. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to evaluate the gene expression of miR-181a in seven pancreatic cancer cell lines. MiR-181a inhibitor lentivirus (miR-181a-IN) was used to down-regulate miR-181a in Capan-1 and AsPC-1 cells. The effects of miR-181a down-regulation on pancreatic cancer were evaluated by in vitro proliferation assay and migration assay. Targeting of miR-181a on TNFAIP1 in pancreatic cancer was evaluated by dual-luciferase reporter assay and western blot. TNFAIP1 was either upregulated by pcDNA3.1 (+) expression vector or down-regulated by siRNA in Capan-1 and AsPC-1 cells. The subsequent effects of TNFAIP1 upregulation or down-regulation on miR-181a mediated pancreatic cancer regulation were also evaluated through in vitro proliferation and migration assays. The in vivo effect of miR-181a down-regulation on pancreatic tumor growth was evaluated by a xenograft assay. MiR-181a was consistently upregulated in pancreatic cancer cell lines. MiR-181a down-regulation inhibited proliferation and migration in vitro, and upregulated TNFAIP1 in pancreatic cancer cells. Ectopic TNFAIP1 overexpression had similar tumor-suppressive effects on pancreatic cancer proliferation and migration as miR-181a down-regulation, whereas siRNA-mediated TNFAIP1 down-regulation had opposite or oncogenic effects on pancreatic cancer. In vivo pancreatic xenograft showed miR-181a recapitulated the in vitro anti-tumor effects and its regulation on TNFAIP1. MiR-181a played a critical role in regulating pancreatic cancer growth and migration, likely interacting with TNFAIP1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9693-9701
Number of pages9
JournalTumor Biology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Migration
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • TNFAIP1
  • Tumor proliferation
  • miR-181a

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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