Inter- and Intrapersonal Barriers to Living Donor Kidney Transplant among Black Recipients and Donors

La Shara A. Davis, Tracy M. Grogan, Joy Cox, Francis L. Weng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is more common among Blacks, but Blacks are less likely to receive a live donor kidney transplant (LDKT). Objective: The objective of this study is to identify barriers and coping mechanisms that Black LDKT recipients and donors experienced while receiving or donating a kidney. Design: A qualitative study was conducted using structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used for data interpretation. Participants: All 20 participants identified as Black, with two participants identifying themselves as multiracial. The mean age for the 14 recipients was 60, and the average age for the 6 living donors was 47. Results: Themes emerging from the data suggest both recipients and donors faced barriers in the LDKT experience. Recipients faced barriers associated with their denial and avoidance of the severity of their ESRD, their desire to maintain the privacy of their health status, and their refusal to approach potential donors. Donors encountered negative responses from others about the donors’ desire to donate and the initial refusal of recipients to accept a LDKT offer. Recipients identified faith as a coping mechanism, while donors identified normalization of donation as their method of coping. Various types of social support helped donors and recipients navigate the transplant process. Conclusion: Black LDKT recipients and donors must overcome barriers prior to receiving or donating a kidney. Most of these barriers arise from communication and interactions with others that are either lacking or undesirable. Future interventions to promote LDKT among Blacks may benefit by specifically targeting these barriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-679
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Keywords

  • Barriers to donation
  • Barriers to transplantation
  • Blacks, Communication
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Living donor kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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