Integration of sociocultural and behavioral factors into the clinical framework of cardiovascular studies in Hispanic/Latino populations: Relevance during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic

Shakira F. Suglia, Ana F. Abraido-Lanza, Rafael E. Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth S. Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent reports on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the USA indicate that despite significant declines in CVD mortality in the late 20th century, this decline is now decelerating and may be worsened by inequalities in health care. Social factors contribute to most of the cardiovascular health disparities documented to date. Hispanics/Latinos and African- Americans share a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and experience higher rates of poverty and social stressors than non-Hispanic Whites. We propose that the use of social and behavioral data beyond basic and sometimes loose identifiers of race/ethnicity, educational attainment, and occupation would inform clinical practice and greatly facilitate the provision of adequate guidance and support to patients regarding continuity of care, adherence to medications and treatment plans, and engagement of participants in future research. This perspective briefly highlights factors deemed to be critical for the advancement of Hispanic/Latino health and delineates pathways toward future applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere101
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Science
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • behavioral
  • clinical studies
  • Hispanic/Latino
  • SARS-COV-1
  • Socio-cultural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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