Integrated Practice Units: What Are They and How Can They Be Applied to Orthopaedic Trauma?

Prakash Jayakumar, Meredith L. Grogan Moore, Austin D. Hill, Karl M. Koenig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Summary:Musculoskeletal professionals are looking for opportunities to provide integrated patient-centered models of care. Integrated practice units (IPUs) are structurally and functionally organized around the patient's medical condition over a full cycle of care with a comprehensive range of services delivered by dedicated multidisciplinary teams. Although IPUs have been developed for chronic orthopaedic conditions, such as hip and knee osteoarthritis, relatively little has been explored in relation to orthopaedic trauma. Development of novel IPUs for managing musculoskeletal injuries may help surgeons to better contend with the substantial burden associated with these conditions on the quality of life of individual patients and society at large. This review explores the challenges and unmet needs unique to orthopaedic trauma that could be bridged by high-value, integrated patient-centered models of care. It also provides a framework for the design and implementation of IPUs and the rationale of this framework in 3 major populations: ambulatory trauma, fragility fractures, and complex polytrauma. To conclude, in this review, we consider the mechanism and impact of alternative payment models in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S43-S48
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • bundled care
  • integrated practice unit
  • multidisciplinary trauma care
  • musculoskeletal integrated care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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