Insight into the molecular basis of pathogen abundance: Group A Streptococcus inhibitor of complement inhibits bacterial adherence and internalization into human cells

Nancy P. Hoe, Robin M. Ireland, Frank R. DeLeo, Brian B. Gowen, David W. Dorward, Jovanka M. Voyich, Mengyao Liu, Eugene H. Burns, Derek M. Culnan, Anthony Bretscher, James M. Musser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptococcal inhibitor of complement (Sic) is a secreted protein made predominantly by serotype M1 Group A Streptococcus (GAS), which contributes to persistence in the mammalian upper respiratory tract and epidemics of human disease. Unexpectedly, an isogenic sic-negative mutant adhered to human epithelial cells significantly better than the wild-type parental strain. Purified Sic inhibited the adherence of a sic negative serotype M1 mutant and of non-Sic-producing GAS strains to human epithelial cells. Sic was rapidly internalized by human epithelial cells, inducing cell flattening and loss of microvilli. Ezrin and moesin, human proteins that functionally link the cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane, were identified as Sic-binding proteins by affinity chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis. Sic colocalized with ezrin inside epithelial cells and bound to the F-actin-binding site region located in the carboxyl terminus of ezrin and moesin. Synthetic peptides corresponding to two regions of Sic had GAS adherence-inhibitory activity equivalent to mature Sic and inhibited binding of Sic to ezrin. In addition, the sic mutant was phagocytosed and killed by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes significantly better than the wild-type strain, and Sic colocalized with ezrin in discrete regions of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. The data suggest that binding of Sic to ezrin alters cellular processes critical for efficient GAS contact, internalization, and killing. Sic enhances bacterial survival by enabling the pathogen to avoid the intracellular environment. This process contributes to the abundance of M1 GAS in human infections and their ability to cause epidemics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7646-7651
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume99
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2002

Keywords

  • Epidemic waves
  • Ezrin
  • Microbiology
  • Serotype M1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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