Abstract

Innate recognition of microbial products and danger molecules by monocytes and macrophages has been well established; this is mediated primarily by pattern-recognition receptors and is central to the activation of innate and adaptive immune cells required for productive immunity. Whether monocytes and macrophages are equipped with an allorecognition system that allows them to respond directly to allogeneic grafts is a topic of much debate. Recent studies provide compelling evidence that these cells can recognize allogeneic entities and that they mediate graft rejection via direct cytotoxicity and priming of alloreactive T cells. In addition, these studies have uncovered a mechanism of innate allorecognition based on detection of the polymorphic molecule signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) on donor cells. Further understanding of innate allorecognition and its consequences would provide essential insight into allograft rejection and lead to better therapies for transplant patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • animal models:murine
  • basic (laboratory) research/science
  • cytotoxicity
  • dendritic cell
  • immunobiology
  • innate immunity
  • rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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