Injection of Urethral Bulking Agents

Hanhan Li, Ouida L. Westney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Urethral injection is a safe and minimally invasive method of treating female stress urinary incontinence with multiple bulking agents currently commercially available. Although there are numerous studies that demonstrate efficacy, long-term success is not yet proven. This article aims to describe the mechanism of action and properties of various agents, patient selection factors, available techniques for injection, outcomes of urethral injections, and complications associated with the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • Female stress urinary incontinence
  • Urethral bulking agents
  • Urethral injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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