Inhibition of TNFα improves survival in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis

Christopher B. Hughes, Lillian W. Gaber, Abou Bakr Mohey El-Din, Hani P. Grewal, Malak Kotb, Linda Mann, Osama Gaber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


The development of systemic complications in acute pancreatitis is largely responsible for the mortality associated with this disease. The systemic sequelae encountered in acute pancreatitis are similar to those occurring in patients with septic shock, a syndrome of multiple organ failure thought to be related to overproduction of inflammatory cytokines. As with sepsis, data is mounting that cytokines, particularly TNFα, may play a central role in acute pancreatitis and mediate the systemic sequelae of the disease. We have previously shown elevated levels of TNFα in the serum of animals with experimental acute pancreatitis. In this study, we use a bile-infusion model of pancreatitis in the rat to show amelioration of disease severity as well as a distinct survival advantage by TNFα blockade using anti-TNFα polyclonal antibody. These data provide strong evidence that TNFα is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality from acute pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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