Inhibition of osteoclast differentiation by overexpression of NDRG2 in monocytes

Kyeongah Kang, Sorim Nam, Bomi Kim, Ji Hyun Lim, Young Yang, Myeong Sok Lee, Jong Seok Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2), a member of the NDRG family of differentiation-related genes, has been characterized as a regulator of dendritic cell differentiation from monocytes, CD34+ progenitor cells, and myelomonocytic leukemic cells. In this study, we show that NDRG2 overexpression inhibits the differentiation of U937 cells into osteoclasts in response to stimulation with a combination of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and soluble receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL). U937 cells stably expressing NDRG2 are unable to differentiate into multinucleated osteoclast-like cells and display reduced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and resorption pit formation. Furthermore, NDRG2 expression significantly suppresses the expression of genes that are crucial for the proliferation, survival, differentiation, and function of osteoclasts, including c-Fos, Atp6v0d2, RANK, and OSCAR. The activation of ERK1/2 and p38 is also inhibited by NDRG2 expression during osteoclastogenesis, and the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis by NDRG2 correlates with the down-regulation of the expression of the transcription factor PU.1. Taken together, our results suggest that the expression of NDRG2 potentially inhibits osteoclast differentiation and plays a role in modulating the signal transduction pathway responsible for osteoclastogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 25 2015


  • NDRG2
  • Osteoclastic cytokines
  • Osteoclastogenesis
  • U937 cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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