Inhibition of heat shock induction of heat shock protein 70 and enhancement of heat shock protein 27 phosphorylation by quercetin derivatives

Rongsheng E. Wang, Jeffrey L.F. Kao, Carolyn A. Hilliard, Raj K. Pandita, Joseph L. Roti Roti, Clayton R. Hunt, John Stephen Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inhibitors of heat-induced heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression have the potential to enhance the therapeutic effectiveness of heat-induced radiosensitization of tumors. Among known small molecule inhibitors, quercetin has the advantage of being easily modified for structure-activity studies. Herein, we report the ability of five monomethyl and five carbomethoxymethyl derivatives of quercetin to inhibit heat induced HSP70 expression and enhance HSP27 phosphorylation in human cells. While quercetin and several derivatives inhibit HSP70 induction and enhance HSP27 phosphorylation at Ser78, other analogues selectively inhibit HSP70 induction without enhancing HSP27 phosphorylation that would otherwise aid in cell survival. We also show that good inhibitors of HSP70 induction are also good inhibitors of both CK2 and CamKII, kinases that are known to activate HSP70 expression by phosphorylation of heat shock transcription factor 1. Derivatives that show poor inhibition of either or both kinases are not good inhibitors of HSP70 induction, suggesting that quercetin's effectiveness is due to its ability to inhibit both kinases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1912-1921
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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