Influence of short term dietary cholesterol and fat on human plasma Lp[a] and LDL levels

S. A. Brown, J. Morrisett, J. R. Patsch, R. Reeves, Antonio Gotto, W. Patsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between plasma levels of Lp[a] and LDL was examined using dietary regimens. In 81 normolipidemic male outpatients, dietary cholesterol was increased by consuming six eggs per day from a mean (SD) level of 311 (162) to 1430 (198) mg per day. Mean (SD) LDL-cholesterol levels increased from 102 (26) mg/dl to 120 (33) mg/dl (P < 0.001), while mean (SD) Lp[a] levels were 5.5 (6.1) mg/dl on the basal diet and 5.6 (6.4) mg/dl on the cholesterol-rich diet. No significant correlation was observed between increases in either LDL-cholesterol or apolipoprotein B to Lp[a], nor was there any relationship between individual baseline levels of Lp[a] and dietary-induced changes of Lp[a]. Fourteen of the 81 participants were reexamined under strict nutritional control. Four diets with 40% of calories as fat, but differing in the type of fat and the amount of cholesterol, were administered sequentially to all subjects. As expected, mean (SD) LDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels were highest on the saturated fat, high cholesterol diet (112 (32) mg/dl and 79 (22) mg/dl) and lowest on the polyunsaturated fat, low cholesterol diet (77 (27) mg/dl and 53 (18) mg/dl). In contrast, mean Lp[a] levels did not significantly change among the four diets (range 4.2-4.9 mg/dl). No correlation of Lp[a] responses with changes in plasma lipids, apolipoproteins, or lipoproteins was observed on any diet. These data suggest that determinants of plasma Lp[a] levels are distinctly different from the determinants of plasma LDL levels in normolipidemic males.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1281-1289
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume32
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • apolipoprotein B diet
  • atherosclerosis
  • lipoproteins
  • Lp[a]

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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