This study was aimed to explore the influence of excessive complement activation on the pathological process of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in mice. A murine model with aGVHD was established by injecting cell mixture containing splenocytes and bone marrow cells at 2:1 ratio from donor C57BL/6(H-2K(b)) mice into recipient BALB/c (H-2K(d)) mice within 4-6 hours after 8 Gy (60)Co γ-ray total body irradiation. The mice received syngeneic bone marrow transplantation were used as control group. After transplantation, the mice were monitored daily for body weight and mortality. At day 14, all mice were sacrificed and each liver was freshly dissociated for histological analysis. The hepatic mRNA abundance for complement components C3a and C5a as well as receptors for these two anaphylatoxin were tested by real-time quantitative PCR method. And the levels of C3a and C5a production in liver were detected by ELISA. The deposition of complement C3 in liver was determined by immunofluorescence staining using frozen section. The results indicated that as compared with syngeneic bone-marrow transplantation control group, experimental animals underwent aGVHD characterized by weight loss, depilation, diarrhea and lassitude. Interestingly, the hepatic mRNA expression for complement anaphylatoxin family member C3a and C5a as well as their receptors C3aR and C5aR1 in mice with aGVHD were significantly up-regulated in comparison with control group (p < 0.05). Consistently, the content of C3a and C5a in liver increased markedly in mice with aGVHD (p < 0.01). For animals ongoing aGVHD, complement component C3 depositions were observed in hepatic portal areas, around which massive inflammatory cell infiltration was also observed. It is concluded that in aGVHD animals, excessive complement activation occurs, and the activated complement components participate in pathological process of the aGVHD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology|
|State||Published - Dec 2010|
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