To analyze the influence of different levels of dietary casein on the initiation process, male Wistar rats, pair-fed on isocaloric diets containing 5, 15 or 40% casein were initiated with a single dose of aflatoxin B1, 28 days after the experimental start. From day 4 after initiation and until selection of initiated cells was started, 25 days later, rats were fed the 15% casein diet, providing an identical dietary background during the selection period. Promotion/selection of initiated cells was performed by the combined treatment with 0.02% 2-acetylaminofluorene in the 15% casein diet for 2 weeks and a two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) in the middle of this period. The number of enzyme-altered hepatic lesions per rat was shown to increase with increasing content of casein in the diet, both when liver sections were stained for γ-glutamyltransferase and with immunohistochemical staining for the placental form of glutathione-S-transferase. Non-initiated rats fed the different levels of casein exhibited a very low number of foci. Livers were secured also from non-initiated rats at the same point of time as initiation was performed. Whereas no significant differences in the total microsomal content of cytochrome P450 were observed, a higher microsomal capacity to perform 16α-hydroxylation of 4-androstene-3,17-dione was observed in preparations from rats fed 40% casein, when compared with rats receiving the 5% casein diet. The dietary protein content at the time of initiation did not affect the expression of the c-rasHa, c-myc or c-fos protooncogenes, either at initiation, on day 3, or at PH.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research