Hydroxylation of androstenedione was studied in rat hepatocytes in primary monolayer culture following induction with phenobarbital. Six days after addition of phenobarbital and seven days after isolation of cells from liver, a maximal induction of total androstenedione hydroxylation of 5-6 times was seen at a phenobarbital concentration of 1·10-4 M. The 6β-, 7α- and 16α-hydroxylase activities showed different responses towards phenobarbital in agreement with the contension that different forms of cytochrome P-450 with different sensitivity towards phenobarbital participate in hepatic steroid hydroxylation. These results were obtained with cells supplemented with 1% (v/v) rat serum. The present cell culture system should be suitable for in vitro studies on mechanisms of induction of cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes in normal liver cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology