Using certain immunosuppressive regimens, IL-2 knockout (KO) mice, in contrast to wild-type (wt) controls, are resistant to the induction of allograft tolerance. The mechanism by which IL-2 regulates allograft tolerance is uncertain. As IL-2 KO mice have a profound defect in Fas- mediated apoptosis, we hypothesized that Fas-mediated apoptosis of alloreactive T cells may be critical in the acquisition of allograft tolerance. To definitively study the role of Fas in the induction of transplantation tolerance, we used Fas mutant B6.MRL-lpr mice as allograft recipients of islet and vascularized cardiac transplants. Alloantigen- stimulated proliferation and apoptosis of Fas-deficient cells were also studied in vivo. Fas mutant B6.MRL-lpr (H-2b) mice rapidly rejected fully MHC-mismatched DBA/2 (H-2(d)) islet allografts and vascularized cardiac allografts with a tempo that is comparable to wt control mice. Both wt and B6.MRL-lpr mice transplanted with fully MHC-mismatched islet allografts or cardiac allografts can be readily tolerized by either rapamycin or combined costimulation blockade (CTLA-4Ig plus anti-CD40L mAb). Despite the profound defect of Fas-mediated apoptosis, Fas-deficient T cells can still undergo apoptotic cell death in vivo in response to alloantigen stimulation. Our study suggests that: 1) Fas is not necessarily essential for allograft tolerance, and 2) Fas-mediated apoptosis is not central to the IL-2-dependent mechanism governing the acquisition of allograft tolerance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy