Inducible and constitutive expression of resistance to glycopeptides and vancomycin dependence in glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus avium

A. Rosato, J. Pierre, D. Billot-Klein, A. Buu-Hoi, L. Gutmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

A clinical isolate of Enterococcus avium, Ea1, which exhibited inducible, low-level resistance to vancomycin and teicoplanin, and two mutants selected from this strain, Ea3 and Ea31, were studied. Ea3 was vancomycin dependent and derived from Ea1, while Ea31 was not vancomycin dependent, was constitutively resistant, and was derived from Ea3. Hybridization studies revealed that vanA was present in Ea1 and suggested that it was located on a high-molecular-weight plasmid. In the absence of induction, Ea1 synthesized only the natural UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide precursor, and after induction it synthesized an additional precursor identified as UDP-MurNAc-tetrapeptide-D- lactate. The latter was the only precursor found in Ea3 and Ea31, even after precursor accumulation. From these results, we infer that (i) the low level of resistance to glycopeptides in strain Ea1 may be in part due to the residual synthesis of the normal precursor and (ii) the vancomycin dependence of mutant Ea3 could be due to the fact that this strain does not produce any peptidoglycan precursor in the absence of induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-833
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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