Indole-3-carbinol and diindolylmethane as aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor agonists and antagonists in T47D human breast cancer cells

Ichen Chen, Stephen Safe, Leonard Bjeldanes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

191 Scopus citations

Abstract

Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a major component of Brassica vegetables, and diindolylmethane (DIM) is the major acid-catalyzed condensation product derived from I3C. Both compounds competitively bind to the aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor with relatively low affinity. In Ah-responsive T47D human breast cancer cells, I3C and DIM did not induce significantly CYP1A1-dependent ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity or CYP1A1 mRNA levels at concentrations as high as 125 or 31 μM, respectively. A 1 nM concentration of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced EROD activity in these cells, and cotreatment with TCDD plus different concentrations of 13C (1-125 μM) or DIM (1-31 μM) resulted in a > 90% decrease in the induced response at the highest concentration of 13C or DIM. 13C or DIM also partially inhibited (< 50%) induction of CYP1A1 mRNA levels by TCDD and reporter gene activity, using an Ah-responsive plasmid construct in transient transfection assays. In T47D cells cotreated with 5 nM [3H]TCDD alone or in combination with 250 μM 13C or 31 μM DIM, there was a 37 and 73% decrease, respectively, in formation of the nuclear Ah receptor. The more effective inhibition of induced EROD activity by 13C and DIM was due to in vitro inhibition of enzyme activity. Thus, both 13C and DIM are partial Ah receptor antagonists in the T47D human breast cancer cell line.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1069-1076
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical pharmacology
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ah receptor antagonist
  • T47D cells
  • diindolylmethane
  • indole-3-carbinol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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