Increased sensitivity of a metastatic model of prostate cancer to a novel tetravalent platinum analog

Kalpana Mujoo, Masayuki Watanabe, Abdul R. Khokhar, Zahid H. Siddik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. DACH-Ac-Pt [(1R,2R-diaminocyclohexane)-(trans-diacetato)- (dichloro)-platinumIV] is a novel cisplatin (CDDP) analog, and we have evaluated its potential activity in human prostate cancers. METHODS. Cytotoxic, biochemical pharmacologic, cell cycle, and Western blot evaluations were conducted with platinum agents to assess the role of p53 genotype and androgen-dependence status on cellular response. RESULTS. CDDP and DACH-Ac-Pt were equiactive against mutant p53 and androgen-independent DU-145 or PC-3 tumor cells. In wild-type p53 cells, CDDP was threefold more potent against androgen-dependent LNCaP than isogenic androgen-independent LNCaP-LN3 cells. However, the analog was equipotent in these two wild-type p53 tumor models. The greater potency of DACH-Ac-Pt than CDDP in wild-type p53 cells was not due to increased cellular drug uptake or increased adduct levels, but correlated with a lower tolerance to DNA damage. The analog also activated the p53-p21 WAF1/CIP1 signal transduction pathway more efficiently in LNCaP and LNCaP-LN3 cells, and this induced G1-phase cell-cycle arrest. CDDP, in contrast, activated this pathway efficiently in LNCaP cells only. In addition, and compared to CDDP, DACH-Ac-Pt was more effective in inducing Bax and increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratios in both the tumor models. CONCLUSIONS. DACH-Ac-Pt is highly effective against wild-type p53 LNCaP and its LN3 variant, and this activity is androgen-independent. The differential induction of p21WAF1/CIP1 and increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratios with CDDP and DACH-Ac-Pt in LNCaP-LN3 cells appear to be linked to the relative activity of the two agents against this model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalProstate
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Platinum complexes
  • Prostate
  • Signal transduction
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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