Increased neural response to fear in patients recovered from depression: A 3T functional magnetic resonance imaging study

R. Norbury, S. Selvaraj, M. J. Taylor, C. Harmer, P. J. Cowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Previous imaging studies have revealed that acute major depression is characterized by altered neural responses to negative emotional stimuli. Typically, responses in limbic regions such as the amygdala are increased while activity in cortical regulatory regions such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is diminished. Whether these changes persist in unmedicated recovered patients is unclear.Method We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine neural responses to emotional faces in a facial expression-matching task in 16 unmedicated recovered depressed patients and 21 healthy controls.Results Compared with controls, recovered depressed patients had increased responses bilaterally to fearful faces in the DLPFC and right caudate. Responses in the amygdala did not distinguish the groups.Conclusions Our findings indicate that clinical recovery from depression is associated with increased activity in the DLPFC to negative emotional stimuli. We suggest that this increase may reflect a compensatory cortical control mechanism with the effect of limiting emotional dysregulation in limbic regions such as the amygdala.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-432
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Depression
  • FMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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