Inactivation of the nuclear receptor coactivator RAP250 in mice results in placental vascular dysfunction

Per Antonson, Gertrud U. Schuster, Ling Wang, Björn Rozell, Elin Holter, Per Flodby, Eckardt Treuter, Lars Holmgren, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coactivators constitute a diverse group of proteins that are essential for optimal transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors. In the past few years many coactivators have been identified but it is still unclear whether these proteins interact indiscriminately with all nuclear receptors and whether there is some redundancy in their functions. We have previously cloned and characterized RAP250 (ASC-2/PRIP/TRBP/NRC), an LXXLL-containing coactivator for nuclear receptors. In order to study its biological role, R]ap250 null mice were generated by gene targeting. Here we show that genetic disruption of Rap250 results in embryonic lethality at embryonic day (E) 13.5. Histological examination of placentas revealed a dramatically reduced spongiotrophoblast layer, a collapse of blood vessels in the region bordering the spongiotrophoblast, and labyrinthine layers in placentas from Rap250-/- embryos. These findings suggest that the lethality of Rap250-/- embryos is the result of obstructed placental blood circulation. Moreover, the transcriptional activity of PPARγ is reduced in fibroblasts derived from Rap250-/- embryos, suggesting that RAP250 is an essential coactivator for this nuclear receptor in the placenta. Our results demonstrate that RAP250 is necessary for placental development and thus essential for embryonic development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1260-1268
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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