Inactivation of the integrin β6 subunit gene reveals a role of epithelial integrins in regulating inflammation in the lungs and skin

Xiao Zhu Huang, Jian Feng Wu, Darrell Cass, David J. Erie, David Corry, Stephen G. Young, Robert V. Farese, Dean Sheppard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

245 Scopus citations

Abstract

The integrin αvβ6 is only expressed in epithelial cells. In healthy adult epithelia, this receptor is barely detectable, but expression is rapidly induced following epithelial injury. Mice homozygous for a null mutation in the gene encoding the β6 subunit had juvenile baldness associated with infiltration of macrophages into the skin, and accumulated activated lymphocytes around conducting airways in the lungs. β6(-/-) mice also demonstrated airway hyperresponsiveness to acetylcholine, a hallmark feature of asthma. These results suggest that the epithelial integrin αvβ6 participates in the modulation of epithelial inflammation. Genetic or acquired alterations in this integrin could thus contribute to the development of inflammatory diseases of epithelial organs, such as the lungs and skin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-928
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume133
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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