Inactivation of 14-3-3σ influences telomere behavior and ionizing radiation-induced chromosomal instability

S. Dhar, J. A. Squire, M. P. Hande, R. J. Wellinger, T. K. Pandita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Telomeres are complexes of repetitive DNA sequences and proteins constituting the ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes. While these structures are thought to be associated with the nuclear matrix, they appear to be released from this matrix at the time when the cells exit from G2 and enter M phase. Checkpoints maintain the order and fidelity of the eukaryotic cell cycle, and defects in checkpoints contribute to genetic instability and cancer. The 14-3-3σ gene has been reported to be a checkpoint control gene, since it promotes G2 arrest following DNA damage. Here we demonstrate that inactivation of this gene influences genome integrity and cell survival. Analyses of chromosomes at metaphase showed frequent losses of telomeric repeat sequences, enhanced frequencies of chromosome end-to-end associations, and terminal nonreciprocal translocations in 14-3-3σ(-/-) cells. These phenotypes correlated with a reduction in the amount of G-strand overhangs at the telomeres and an altered nuclear matrix association of telomeres in these cells. Since the p53-mediated G1 checkpoint is operative in these cells, the chromosomal aberrations observed occurred preferentially in G2 after irradiation with gamma rays, corroborating the role of the 14-3-3σ protein in G2/M progression. The results also indicate that even in untreated cycling cells, occasional chromosomal breasts or telomere-telomere fusions trigger a G2 checkpoint arrest followed by repair of these aberrant chromosome structures before entering M phase. Since 14-3-3σ(-/-) cells are defective in maintaining G2 arrest, they enter M phase without repair of the aberrant chromosome stractures and undergo cell death during mitosis. Thus, our studies provide evidence for the correlation among a dysfunctional G2/M checkpoint control, genomic instability, and loss of telomeres in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7764-7772
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume20
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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