In vivo imaging of raptor retina with ultra high resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography

Marco Ruggeri, James C. Major, Craig McKeown, Hassan Wehbe, Shuliang Jiao, Carmen A. Puliafito

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Among birds, raptors are well known for their exceptional eyesight, which is partly due to the unique structure of their retina. Because the raptor retina is the most advanced of any animal species, in vivo examination of its structure would be remarkable. Furthermore, a noticeable percentage of traumatic ocular injuries are identified in birds of prey presented to rehabilitation facilities. Injuries affecting the posterior segment have been considered as a major impact on raptor vision. Hence, in vivo examination of the structure of the posterior segment of the raptors would be helpful for the diagnosis of traumatized birds. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the application of ultrahigh-resolution Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) for non contact in vivo imaging of the retina of birds of prey, which to the best of our knowledge has never been attempted. For the first time we present high quality OCT images of the retina of two species of bird of prey, one diurnal hawk and one nocturnal owl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOphthalmic Technologies XVIII
StatePublished - 2008
EventOphthalmic Technologies XVIII - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 19 2008Jan 21 2008

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherOphthalmic Technologies XVIII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Bird of prey
  • Birds
  • Imaging
  • Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Raptor
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'In vivo imaging of raptor retina with ultra high resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this