In vitro kinematics of the replaced knee

Stephen J. Incavo, B. Beynnon, K. Coughlin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Important information on knee kinematics can be obtained using in vitro methods. Specifically, mounting a cadaver lower extremity on an Oxford knee jig allows loading of the knee joint and makes it possible to observe physiological motion. This approach can provide a detailed description of the displacements and rotations of the patella, femur, and tibia, and direct measurement of load at both the patellofemoral and tibiofemoral articulations. Using this approach, the two-axis description of tibiofemoral kinematics has been advanced. Another application of this method describes lower patellofemoral contact forces when a more posterior femorotibial contact point is present after total knee arthroplasty. This kinematic information is useful when considering new designs in knee arthroplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTotal Knee Arthroplasty
Subtitle of host publicationA Guide to Get Better Performance
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages152-158
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)3540202420, 9783540202424
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'In vitro kinematics of the replaced knee'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this