In vitro bioassays for toxic polychlorinated azobenzenes

G. Sundstrom, T. Sawyer, O. Hutzinger, S. Safe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Previous studies have demonstrated that the in vitro aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) and cytosolic receptor binding bioassays can be utilized to quantitatively estimate the potential in vivo toxicities of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and their mixtures (from municipal fly ash extracts). This study reports the use of the two bi⊙assays in estimating the levels of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachloroazobenzene in several commercial products which contain or are derived from 3,4-dichloroaniline. The AHH induction and receptor binding EC50 values for 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachloroazobenzene were 5.60 × 10-7 and 5.60 × 10-6 M respectively. The levels of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachloroazobenzene (TCAB) in commercial samples of Diuron, Linuron and 3,4-dichloroaniline were determined by gas chromatographic (GC) analysis and the concentrations varied from trace levels to 2200 ug/g. Preliminary bioassays of the commercial compounds and crude extracts (BC) of these products gave contradictory results which did not correlate with the GC analytical data. Presumably there are impurities or coextractives which interfere with the sensitivity of the bioassays. The crude extracts were purified by column chromatography and were assayed using both bioassays. For most of the cleaned up extracts there was an excellent correlation between the concentrations of 3,3′,4,4′-TCAB determined by the GC and receptor binding procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2105-2107
Number of pages3
Issue number9-12
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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