Purpose: The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of adenovirus-mediated p16 and p53 on growth and apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells and on survival in nude mice implanted with human ovarian cancer cells. Experimental Design: SKOV-3 ip1 (p53 and p16 null), 2774 (p53 and p16 mutant), and OVCA 420 (p53 and p16 wild-type) cells were used for in vitro studies. SKOV-3 ip1, 2774, and Hey A8 (p53 and p16 wild-type) cells were used in the nude mouse studies. The E1-deleted adenoviruses containing p53, p16, or β-galactosidase cDNA were transfected into the different cell types or inoculated into the nude mice after injection with ovarian cancer cells. Results: Cell counting, microtetrazolium, and anchorage-independent growth assays on transfected cells demonstrated that p16 and the p16/p53 combination suppressed growth, whereas p53 did not (except in the anchorage-independent growth assay). Although cells infected with the p16/p53 combination had decreased growth compared with cells infected with either tumor suppressor alone, the difference was only statistically significant compared with p53. p16, p53, and the p16/p53 combination all increased apoptosis in the cells. In the nude mice, p16 treatment resulted in the longest survival for all three models, although it only reached statistical significance for the 2774 and SKOV-3 ip1 groups. Conclusions: Overall, p16 demonstrated greater growth inhibition than p53 both in vivo and in vitro. The p16/p53 combination demonstrated a consistent trend toward increased growth suppression and apoptosis over p16 or p53 alone. Adenovirus-mediated p16 may be a viable future treatment for ovarian cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - 2001|
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