In silico models for nanomedicine: Recent developments

Pietro Mascheroni, Bernhard Aribo Schrefler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanomedicine is a recent promising setting for the advancement of current medical therapies, in particular for cancer. Nanoparticle-mediated therapies are aimed to tackle extremely complex phenomena, involving different biochemical, mechanical and biophysical factors. Computational models can contribute to medical research by helping the understanding of biological mechanisms and by providing quantitative analyses. In this work, we report on computational models that address four main issues related to the use of nanoparticles in anti-cancer therapies, namely the delivery of nanoparticles, their uptake by cells, the release of drugs from nano-platforms and nanoparticle-based therapeutics. In silico approaches constitute a valuable tool to aid clinical studies, to guide the rational design of new nanoparticle formulations and to identify the optimal strategies for existing treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4192-4207
Number of pages16
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
Volume25
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Drug release
  • Mathematical and computational models
  • Nanoparticle delivery
  • Nanoparticles
  • Therapeutic effects
  • Uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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