In-hospital use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in patients with heart failure in academic centers in the United States

Paulino A. Alvarez, Duc T. Nguyen, Robert Schutt, Cecilia Ganduglia, Jerry D. Estep, Edward A. Graviss, David Putney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are considered potentially harmful for patients with heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of in-hospital NSAID use, their type, associated diagnosis and impact in clinical outcomes among patients with a diagnosis of heart failure. METHODS: The University Health System Consortium Database was used to identify all first hospitalizations with an International Classification of Diseases-9 discharge diagnosis code of systolic heart failure as the primary diagnosis between January 1, 2011, and December 31st 2014. RESULTS: Among 65,902 patients admitted for a primary diagnosis of SHF, 2675 (4.1) were exposed to NSAID. The most frequent NSAID used was ibuprofen (51.63), followed by ketorolac (29.38) naproxen (8.07) celecoxib (5.61), and others. On multivariable analyses, the length of stay of patients exposed to NSAID was longer compared to non-exposed (OR: 4.67, p&VeryThinSpace;<&VeryThinSpace;0.001, 95 CI 4.10-5.25), but differences in mortality were not statistically different (OR: 0.90, p&VeryThinSpace;=&VeryThinSpace;0.476, 95 CI 0.69-1.19). CONCLUSION: The use of NSAID in patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of systolic heart failure was low but was associated with longer length of stay. Further studies are needed to understand the impact of NSAID use in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017


  • Heart failure
  • length of stay
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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