Improving robotic stroke rehabilitation by incorporating neural intent detection: Preliminary results from a clinical trial

Jennifer L. Sullivan, Nikunj A. Bhagat, Nuray Yozbatiran, Ruta Paranjape, Colin G. Losey, Robert G. Grossman, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal, Gerard E. Francisco, Marcia K. O'Malley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents the preliminary findings of a multi-year clinical study evaluating the effectiveness of adding a brain-machine interface (BMI) to the MAHI-Exo II, a robotic upper limb exoskeleton, for elbow flexion/extension rehabilitation in chronic stroke survivors. The BMI was used to trigger robot motion when movement intention was detected from subjects' neural signals, thus requiring that subjects be mentally engaged during robotic therapy. The first six subjects to complete the program have shown improvements in both Fugl-Meyer Upper-Extremity scores as well as in kinematic movement quality measures that relate to movement planning, coordination, and control. These results are encouraging and suggest that increasing subject engagement during therapy through the addition of an intent-detecting BMI enhances the effectiveness of standard robotic rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2017
EditorsArash Ajoudani, Panagiotis Artemiadis, Philipp Beckerle, Giorgio Grioli, Olivier Lambercy, Katja Mombaur, Domen Novak, Georg Rauter, Carlos Rodriguez Guerrero, Gionata Salvietti, Farshid Amirabdollahian, Sivakumar Balasubramanian, Claudio Castellini, Giovanni Di Pino, Zhao Guo, Charmayne Hughes, Fumiya Iida, Tommaso Lenzi, Emanuele Ruffaldi, Fabrizio Sergi, Gim Song Soh, Marco Caimmi, Leonardo Cappello, Raffaella Carloni, Tom Carlson, Maura Casadio, Martina Coscia, Dalia De Santis, Arturo Forner-Cordero, Matthew Howard, Davide Piovesan, Adriano Siqueira, Frank Sup, Masia Lorenzo, Manuel Giuseppe Catalano, Hyunglae Lee, Carlo Menon, Stanisa Raspopovic, Mo Rastgaar, Renaud Ronsse, Edwin van Asseldonk, Bram Vanderborght, Madhusudhan Venkadesan, Matteo Bianchi, David Braun, Sasha Blue Godfrey, Fulvio Mastrogiovanni, Andrew McDaid, Stefano Rossi, Jacopo Zenzeri, Domenico Formica, Nikolaos Karavas, Laura Marchal-Crespo, Kyle B. Reed, Nevio Luigi Tagliamonte, Etienne Burdet, Angelo Basteris, Domenico Campolo, Ashish Deshpande, Venketesh Dubey, Asif Hussain, Vittorio Sanguineti, Ramazan Unal, Glauco Augusto de Paula Caurin, Yasuharu Koike, Stefano Mazzoleni, Hyung-Soon Park, C. David Remy, Ludovic Saint-Bauzel, Nikos Tsagarakis, Jan Veneman, Wenlong Zhang
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages122-127
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538622964
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2017
Event2017 International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2017 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 17 2017Jul 20 2017

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics
ISSN (Print)1945-7898
ISSN (Electronic)1945-7901

Other

Other2017 International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2017
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/17/177/20/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Rehabilitation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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