Implementation of Cardiometabolic Centers and Training Programs

Mohamad B. Taha, Neha Rao, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Khurram Nasir, Kershaw V. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes is frequently accompanied by obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease, which collectively contribute to the high burden of cardiometabolic disease. This review discusses cardiometabolic disease management, strategies to implement cardiometabolic centers to deliver care, and dedicated programs to train the next generation of cardiometabolic experts.

RECENT FINDINGS: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, and a nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist have demonstrated beneficial effects across cardiometabolic conditions. However, utilization of effective pharmacotherapies is low in clinical practice, in part due to clinical inertia and traditional sharp delineation in clinical responsibilities of specialists. Multidisciplinary clinics and population-health models can provide comprehensive care but require investment in physical and information technology infrastructure as well as in training and accreditation. Post-internal medicine residency cardiometabolic health training programs have been proposed. Implementing cardiometabolic centers in health systems involves reshaping current practices. Training programs focused on cardiometabolic health are needed to address the growing burden of disease and specific training needs in this ever-expanding area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-212
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Diabetes Reports
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Cardiometabolic disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Care delivery models
  • Diabetes
  • Medical training
  • Cardiovascular Diseases/complications
  • Humans
  • Obesity/complications
  • Accreditation
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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