Background: Graves disease is well known to have multiple adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. We compared the cardiovascular outcomes after surgical intervention versus medical treatment in patients with Graves disease. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of all Graves disease patients with a cardiovascular comorbidity who underwent either surgical or medical management (N = 151). Perioperative biochemical and cardiovascular outcomes from the surgical versus the medical groups were analyzed. Results: Of 151 patients, 69 (45.6%) patients underwent total thyroidectomy and 82 (54.3%) patients received medical treatment. Hypertension resolved in 44.7% of the patients from the surgical group vs 18% in the medical group (P = .03). Tachyarrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation and tachycardia, improved in 85.9% of patients in the surgical group vs 66% in the medical group (P = .01). All cardiovascular manifestations examined, hypertension, tachyarrhythmias, and heart failure, improved in 69% of patients in the surgical group and 42.6% of patients in the medical group during the follow-up period (P < .01). Conclusion: Surgical treatment offers a significant and rapid clinical improvement of cardiovascular manifestations in Graves disease patients, such as hypertension, tachyarrhythmias, and heart failure. Surgery should be considered and recommended in Graves disease patients with known cardiovascular manifestations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas