The purpose of this paper was to assess the effect of setup uncertainty on dosimetry of prostate, seminal vesicles, bladder, rectum, and colon in prostate cancer patients treated with Peacock intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Ten patients underwent computed tomography (CT) scans using the "prostate box" for external, and an "endorectal balloon" for target immobilization devices, and treatment plans were generated (T1). A maximum of ± 5-mm setup error was chosen to model dosimetric effects. Isodose lines from the T1 treatment plan were then superimposed on each patient's CT anatomy shifted by 5 mm toward the cephalad and caudal direction, generating 2 more dosimetric plans (H1 and H2, respectively). Average mean doses ranged from 74.5 to 74.92 Gy for prostate and 73.65 to 74.94 Gy for seminal vesicles. Average percent target volume below 70 Gy increased significantly for seminal vesicles, from 0.53% to 6.26%, but minimally for prostate, from 2.08% to 4.4%. Dose statistics adhered to prescription limits for normal tissues. Setup uncertainty had minimum impact on target dose escalation and normal tissue dosing. The impact of target dose inhomogeneity is currently evaluated in clinical studies.
- Prostate cancer
- Setup error
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health Professions(all)