Impact of Race and Ethnicity on Presentation and Surgical Outcomes of Idiopathic Macular Holes

Matthew N. Parvus, Abigail M. Louis, Stephanie Trejo Corona, Tien P. Wong, James C. Major, Sagar B. Patel, Charles C. Wykoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is limited data on the presentation and surgical outcomes of idiopathic macular holes (IMH) for different ethnic and racial groups. Recognition of distinct, clinically-relevant patient subgroups may provide opportunities to identify specific unmet needs including possible barriers to optimal healthcare delivery. Medical records of patients who underwent surgery for IMH (between 2016 and 2022) at a large, urban retina practice were reviewed and self-reported ethnicity (Hispanic and non-Hispanic) and race (Asian, Black, White, and Other) were captured. The primary variables included (1) mean minimum linear diameter (MLD) at presentation and (2) surgical outcome (IMH closure status). Overall, mean MLD for all study eyes (515) was 366.1 μm, and surgical success was achieved in 489 (95.0%) eyes. Hispanic eyes presented with larger mean MLD (p = 0.002) compared to non-Hispanic eyes. Asian, Black, and Other eyes presented with larger mean MLD (p = 0.033, p < 0.001, p < 0.001) when compared to White eyes. The presentation of IMH varied in severity among different ethnic and racial groups. Hispanic patients were found to have worse preoperative visual acuity (VA), longer time to surgery, and larger mean MLD and BD compared to non-Hispanic participants. Black and Other patients were found to have worse VA, time to surgery, and larger mean MLD and BD when compared to White participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1518
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • diversity
  • ethnicity
  • idiopathic macular hole
  • race
  • retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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