Background: Patients with cirrhosis have a high risk for morbidity and mortality in relation to abdominal surgery. Despite improvements in surgical techniques and intensive care, major abdominal surgery still remains a challenge. Major factors determining short- and long-term survival and perioperative complications in this patient population include severity of liver dysfunction, degree of portal hypertension (PHTN), and the presence of related complications such as ascites. Elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement prior to surgery has been reported to improve perioperative outcomes, but available data is limited to case reports and small case series. We aimed to determine the impact of elective TIPS placement on perioperative outcomes after abdominal-pelvic surgeries in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent elective TIPS and compared these patients with a cohort of cirrhotic patients who underwent any abdominal surgeries without TIPS placement. The primary outcomes were mortality at 30 days and 1 year following surgery. Other postoperative outcomes compared between the two groups, included: blood loss, worsening ascites, wound leak, infections, encephalopathy, liver decompensation, and length of hospitalization. Results: Among 38 patients with cirrhosis who underwent abdominal surgery, 20 patients underwent pre-operative elective TIPS placement. Demographic characteristics of the two groups were comparable including age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). The median age was 62 years with a male predominance (62.5%). Both groups had similar etiologies of cirrhosis with hepatitis C virus (HCV) (34.2%) being most common. The most frequent indications for surgery were strangulated hernia (50%) in the TIPS group and acute cholecystitis (55.6%) in the non-TIPS group. Mean pre-TIPS hepato-venous portal gradient (HVPG) was 16.5 mmHg and mean post-TIPS HVPG was 7.0 mmHg. Mortality at 1 month was not statistically different between the groups (20% vs. 5.6%, respectively, P=0.19). The 1-year mortality was also not statistically different between the two groups (20% vs. 11.1%, P=0.36). Conclusions: We found no statistically significant difference in mortality or rate of post-operative complications between patients who received pre-operative TIPS and those who did not in our age-matched cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9
Pages (from-to)9
JournalTranslational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
StatePublished - Jan 25 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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