Impact of High Baseline Left Ventricular Filling Pressure on Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Outcomes in Patients with Significant Mitral Annular Calcification

Vien T. Truong, Wojciech Mazur, Cassady Palmer, Gregory F. Egnaczyk, Dean J. Kereiakes, Ian J. Sarembock, Joseph K. Choo, Satya Shreenivas, Sherif F. Nagueh, Eugene S. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) has been demonstrated to be a major predictor of poor cardiovascular outcomes. However, estimation of LVFP in patients with aortic stenosis is limited by the high prevalence of significant mitral annular calcification. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of transcatheter aortic valve replacement on LVFP and the relationship of LVFP to mortality and hospitalization. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective study of 140 consecutive patients in sinus rhythm with significant mitral annular calcification who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis from May 2011 to June 2015. Mean follow-up duration was 3.06 ± 1.48 years (minimum, 2.4 years; maximum, 6.5 years). Diastolic function was assessed using recently proposed criteria for those with significant mitral annular calcification. High LVFP was defined as a mitral E/A ratio > 1.8 or a ratio of 0.8 to 1.8 and isovolumic relaxation time < 80 msec. Results: At baseline, the proportion of patients with high LVFP was 40.7%, similar to 1 month (39.7%) (P = .86). However, the proportion of patients with high LVFP was significantly decreased at 1 year compared with those at baseline (26.9% vs 40.7%, P = .02). Multivariate analysis showed that high LVFP at baseline significantly increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with patients with normal LVFP (hazard ratio, 2.84; 95% confidence interval, 1.33–6.05; P = .007). Conclusions: High baseline LVFP was associated with a significantly increased all-cause mortality, and LVFP does not improve in the short term but only at 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1067-1074.e1
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • All-cause mortality
  • Hospitalization
  • LV filling pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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