Impact of diabetes and smoking epidemic in the Middle East on the presentation with acute coronary syndrome in very young patients

Muath Alanbaei, Mohammad Zubaid, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah, Wafa A. Rashed, Abdullah Shehab, Jawad Al-Lawati, Haitham Amin, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Rashed Al-Hamdan, Shahid Zubair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the baseline characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients of age ≤40 in the Gulf region of the Middle East. We studied 8176 hospitalized patients (≤40 years) with ACS. Ten percent (805) of the recruited patients were ≤40 years. The mean age was 37 years and 89% were males. The prevalence of smoking and diabetes in the young patients was high (58% and 21%, respectively). The most common ACS was ST elevation myocardial infarction. Younger patients were more aggressively treated with more frequent use of glycoprotein inhibitors, thrombolytics, and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. They had less in-hospital heart failure, left ventricular dysfunction, shock, stroke, and low rate of in-hospital mortality (1%). Measures to combat the rising prevalence of diabetes and smoking are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalAngiology
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • acute myocardial infarction
  • diabetes
  • smoking
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of diabetes and smoking epidemic in the Middle East on the presentation with acute coronary syndrome in very young patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this