Immunological responses after immunisation of mice with microparticles containing antigen and single stranded RNA (polyuridylic acid)

Angie Westwood, Stephen J. Elvin, Gareth D. Healey, E. Diane Williamson, Jim E. Eyles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Certain toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists, e.g. CpG DNA, can be used as potent vaccine 'adjuvants'. It is known that some sequences of single stranded (ss) RNA stimulate proinflammatory and antiviral responses following interaction with TLR 7 and 8. We have encapsulated ovalbumin (OVA) in the presence and absence of polyuridylic acid (poly-U) inside polylactide microparticles. In comparison to microparticles containing only OVA, bulk cultures of bone marrow-derived plasmacytoid and myeloid dendritic cells produced more (P < 0.05) IL-12 and interferon (IFN)-alpha when stimulated with microparticles containing OVA and poly-U. Subcutaneous injection of comicroencapsulated OVA and poly-U resulted in statistically elevated levels of serum anti-OVA IgG1 (P < 0.05 versus naïve mice). Conversely, anti-OVA IgG1 levels in C57 BL6 mice immunised with OVA loaded microparticles (without RNA) were statistically indifferent to naïve animals. Furthermore, injection of coencapsulated OVA and poly-U resulted in (P < 0.05) greater numbers of OVA specific IFN-gamma secreting T-cells as compared with mice injected with OVA loaded microparticles. A similar trend was seen in mice immunised with OVA loaded microparticles decorated with CpG or solutions of admixed OVA and CpG (P < 0.05). These data demonstrate, for the first time, that appropriately formulated ssRNA can act as a potent adjuvant and modulator of adaptive immunological responses. Crown

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1736-1743
Number of pages8
JournalVaccine
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2006

Keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Antiviral
  • CpG
  • CTL
  • Immunisation
  • Poly I:C
  • Resiquimod (R-848)
  • Toll-like receptor (TLR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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