Imaging for neuro-ophthalmic and orbital disease - A review

Andrew G. Lee, Michael C. Johnson, Bruno A. Policeni, Wendy R.K. Smoker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


A literature review was performed by content experts in neuro-ophthalmology and neuroradiology using a systematic English-language Medline search (1994-2008) limited to articles with relevance to neuro-ophthalmic and orbital imaging. The information covered in this review includes: (i) the basic mechanics, indications and contraindications for cranial and orbital computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging; (ii) the utility and indications for intravenous contrast, (iii) the use of specific MR sequences; (iv) the techniques and ophthalmic indications for computed tomography/MR angiography and venography; and (v) the techniques and indications for functional MR imaging, positron emission tomography scanning and single photon emission computed tomography. Throughout the review accurate and timely communication with the neuroradiologist regarding the clinical findings and suspected location of lesions is emphasized so as to optimize the ordering and interpretation of imaging studies for the ophthalmologist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-53
Number of pages24
JournalClinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 8 2009


  • Computed tomography
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Magnetic resonance angiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Visual pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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