Image computing based on bayesian models (BM)

Zhong Xue, Stephen Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many medical image computing tasks apply the prior knowledge about the variability of shapes or deformations to improve the performance of shape analysis, segmentation, registration, as well as group comparison or computer-aided diagnosis. Statistical model-based algorithms play important roles in capturing such prior information and applying them for robust image segmentation and registration. Given the prior distribution of a high-dimensional data, which can be a shape description, a deformation field, or other feature vectors from the training images, the objectiveis to come up with the best estimation of the shape, the deformation, or feature vectors from an observed data/image. The traditional maximum a posteriori (MAP) framework is the most commonly used methodology to incorporate the prior information in the estimation. One example of MAP estimation is the active shape model (ASM), which encodes the prior information of object shapes using principal component analysis (PCA) and then extracts the shape of an object from the PCA model that matches the image the best. Such statistical model-based method is constrained by the prior distribution from sample data for improved robustness. However, ASM takes directly the reconstructed object shape as the matching result, and it may not be able to match a new image accurately if the variations of the shape are not presented in the sample data, or if the number of model modes has been truncated too severely. This chapter introducesa new Bayesian model (BM) for accurate and robust medical image computing. BM overcomes the limitation of MAP by incorporating an intermediate variable and jointly estimating the result and the intermediate variable simultaneously. In thisway theBM framework allows for convenient incorporation of additional constraints, reduces the constraints of the prior distributions, and increases the flexibility of shape matching. In this chapter, after a brief literature review of the statistical model-based image analysis methods, we first introduce the BM framework in both segmentation and registration and then present our two works that apply the BM methodology. From the techniques presented we can see that image segmentation and registration can be uniformly formulated in the same BM framework, and such formulation can also easily facilitate other image computing tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-149
Number of pages27
JournalLecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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