IL-33-responsive innate lymphoid cells are an important source of IL-13 in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps

Joanne L. Shaw, Samer Fakhri, Martin J. Citardi, Paul C. Porter, David B. Corry, Farrah Kheradmand, Yong Jun Liu, Amber Luong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

208 Scopus citations


Rationale: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)withoutnasalpolyps (CRSsNP) and CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) are associated with Th1 and Th2 cytokine polarization, respectively; however, the pathophysiology of CRS remains unclear. The importance of innate lymphoid cells in Th2-mediated inflammatory disease has not been clearly defined. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of the epithelial cell-derived cytokine IL-33 and IL-33-responsive innate lymphoid cells in the pathophysiology of CRS. Methods: Relative gene expression was evaluated using quantitative real-timepolymerase chain reaction. Innate lymphoidcells in inflamed ethmoid sinusmucosa from patients with CRSsNP and CRSwNP were characterized using flow cytometry. Cytokine production from lymphoid cells isolated from inflamed mucosa of patients with CRS was examined using ELISA and intracellular cytokine staining. Measurements and Main Results: Elevated expression of ST2, the ligand-binding chain of the IL-33 receptor, was observed in inflamed sinonasal mucosa fromCRSwNPcompared with CRSsNP and healthy control subjects. An increased percentage of innate lymphoid cells wasobserved ininflamedsinonasalmucosafromCRSwNPcompared with CRSsNP. ST21 innate lymphoid cells are a consistent source of IL-13 in response to IL-33 stimulation. Significant induction of IL-33 was observed in epithelial cells derived from patients with CRSwNP compared with patients with CRSsNP in response to stimulation with Aspergillus fumigatus extract. Conclusions: These data suggest a role for sinonasal epithelial cell-derived IL-33 and an IL-33-responsive innate lymphoid cell population in the pathophysiology of CRSwNP demonstrating the functional importance of innate lymphoid cells in Th2-mediated inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-439
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 2013


  • Alternaria alternata
  • Aspergillus fumigatus
  • Epithelial cells
  • IL-33
  • Innate lymphoid cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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