Our previous studies have shown that insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) is frequently overexpressed in the highly invasive glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). By using a yeast two-hybrid system, we identified a gene, invasion inhibitory protein 45 (IIp45), whose protein product bound to IGFBP-2 through the thyroglobulin-RGD region of the C terminus of IGFBP-2. The IIp45 gene is located on chromosome 1p36 and has nine exons. The IIp45 protein has three SEG (segment of low compositional complexity) domains and an integrin-binding RGD motif. The IIp45 protein was not expressed in some GBMs. Functional studies showed that IIp45 inhibited GBM cell invasion both in vitro and in xenograft model. Gene expression profiling studies showed that IIp45 consistently inhibited the expression of cell invasion-associated genes, such as the transcriptional NFκB, and its downstream target gene, intercellular adhesion molecule 1. Thus, we report here the isolation and characterization of a gene, IIp45, whose protein product binds to IGFBP-2 and inhibits glioma cell invasion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 2|
|State||Published - Nov 25 2003|
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