Idiotype-specific T lymphocytes in monoclonal gammopathies: Evidence for the presence of CD4+ and CD8+ subsets

Qing Yi, Ingrid Eriksson, Wen He, Göran Holm, Häkan Mellstedt, Anders Österborg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumour-specific CD4+ T helper (Th) and CD8+ T cytotoxic (Tc) cells may participate in the control and eradication of tumour cells. In the present study, idiotype-specific stimulation of CD4+ and CD8+ blood T cells from patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and patients with untreated multiple myeloma stage I was examined. Activation was measured in the CD4+ and CD8+ subsets enriched by magnetic microbeads as the incorporation of 3H-thymidine and the secretion of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4 by single cells using the enzyme-linked immunospot assay. Idiotype-specific T cells were found in four of seven patients. Stimulation was mainly confined to the CD4+ subset in three of the four responding patients. This type of response was major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II restricted as it could be inhibited by monoclonal antibodies against MHC class II (HLA-DR), but not against class I (HLA-ABC) molecules. Idiotype-specific CD8+ T cells were also demonstrated in these patients although at a lower frequency. One patient showed a strong and dominating activation of CD8+ T cells which could be blocked by antibodies against HLA-ABC but not against HLA-DR. Idiotype-specific CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were mainly of the type-1 subsets as judged by their secretion of IFN-γ and IL-2. Thus, this study provides evidence for the presence of idiotype-specific and MHC-restricted CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of the type-1 subsets in patients with monoclonal gammopathies. Such T cells with the potential to control the growth of tumour B cells may be a suitable target for immunotherapeutic interventions in patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-345
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • CD4 T cells
  • CD8 T cells
  • M-component
  • idiotype
  • monoclonal gammopathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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