Idiotype-specific cytotoxic t lymphocytes in multiple myeloma: evidence for their capacity to lyse autologous primary tumor cells

Qing Yi, Yue Jin Wen, Bart Barlogie

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1 Scopus citations


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B-cell malignancy. The monoclonal immunoglobulin, secreted by myeloma plasma cells, carries unique antigenic determinants (idiotype. Id) that can be regarded as a tumor-specific antigen. Id-based immunotherapy has been explored in myeloma patients for the purpose of enhancing/inducing Id-specific immune responses that might lead to tumor destruction. However, despite some evidence obtained from mouse plasmacytoma models, it is still unclear whether Id-specific immunity may play a role in the regulation of tumor cells in MM. In the present study, using dendritic cells (DCs) as antigen-presenting cells, autologous Id-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) lines, which contained both CD4 and CDS4 T cells, were generated from myeloma patients. Our results show that Id-specific CTLs not only recognized and lysed autologous Id-pulsed DCs, but also significantly kill the autologous primary myeloma cells. The cytotoxicity against the primary tumor cells was MHC class-I and, to a lesser extend, class-II restricted, indicating that myeloma cells could process Id protein and present Id peptides in the context of their surface MHC molecules. Furthermore, the CTLs lysed the target cells mainly via the perforin-mediated pathway, since Concanamycin A, but not Brefeldin A, the selectively inhibitors for perform- or Fas-mediated pathways, abrogated the cytolytic activity of the cells. These CTLs secreted predominantly IFN-y and TNF(X upon antigenic stimulation, indicating that they belong to the type-1 T-cell subsets. Taken together, these findings represent, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that Id-specific CTLs are able to lyse autologous tumor cells in MM and, thus, provide a rationale for Id-based immunotherapy in the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number11 PART I
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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