Idiotypic structures expressed on the myeloma Ig protein might be regarded as a tumor-specific antigen. Five patients with IgG myeloma were immunized with the purified serum M-component by repeated intradermal injections together with soluble granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor(GM-CSF). All patients developed an idiotype (Id)-specific T-cell Immunity, defined as blood T cells predominantly secreting interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) (type I cells). Id-specific DNA synthesis was induced in one patient. Delayed-type hypersensitivity against the Id was not evoked. The specific IFN-γ/IL-2 T-cell response was inhibited (46% to 100%) by a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in all five patients. A 5% to 37% inhibition by an MHC class II MoAb was seen in four patients. CD4+ as well as CD8+ T cells enriched by magnetic microbeads contained Id-specific cells. The T cells recognized peptides corresponding to the complementarity-determining regions 1, 2, and 3 of the heavy chain of the Id. There was a transient rise of B cells producing IgM anti-idiotypic antibodies in all patients. The results indicate that immunization of myeloma patients using the autologous M-component and soluble GM-CSF may evoke an Id-specific predominantly MHC class I-restricted type I T-cell response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology