The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the progestin receptor (PR) bind specifically to a variety of DNA sequences, glucocorticoid/progestin response elements (GRE/PRE), located in the proximity of responsive gene promoters. Using the isolated recombinant GR DNA-binding domain (DBD), it has recently been shown that GR interacts with the GRE/PRE, a 15-basepair partially palindromic consensus sequence, as a dimer. In this study an investigation into the GR-GRE/PRE and PR-GRE/PRE interaction has been performed using missing base contact analysis with the tyrosine aminotransferase GREII (TATII) and recombinant GR DBD as well as a fusion protein consisting of the PR DBD fused to Staph. aureus protein-A. GR and PR had identical base contact points, localized within two consecutive major grooves, binding to the same face of the DNA. Ethylation interference was also performed on the GR DBD-TATII interaction. The contact points with the backbone phosphate groups flank the contacts within the major groove for each of the two half-sites. Knowledge of the contact points within the DNA sequence together with the three-dimensional structure of the protein enables modelling of the protein-DNA interaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology