Identification of DNA polymerases involved in DNA excision repair in diploid human fibroblasts

S. L. Dresler, M. W. Lieberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used inhibitors to identify the DNA polymerases which are involved in DNA excision repair induced in confluent diploid human fibroblasts by several DNA damaging agents: UV radiation, N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, and bleomycin. We find that DNA repair synthesis involves both DNA polymerase α and a non-α DNA polymerase, probably polymerase β. The fraction of repair synthesis mediated by each of the two polymerases is dependent on which DNA-damaging agent is administered and on the dose of damaging agent. Low doses of DNA damage induce DNA repair synthesis which is mediated to a great extent by a non-α DNA polymerase, and with an increasing dose of damage there is increasing participation of DNA polymerase α in repair synthesis. At high doses of damage, the fraction of repair synthesis mediated by DNA polymerase α reaches a maximal level which is dependent on the damaging agent; the maximal level of polymerase α involvement is about 80% for UV radiation and N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene, about 70% for N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, and about 40% for bleomycin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9990-9994
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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